British Broadcasting Corporation
The British broadcasting corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquater is at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London. It is the worlds oldest broadcasting organization and the largest broadcaster in the world.
The founder of the BBC was John Reith, it was founded in 18th October 1922. Its products are Broadcasting, Radio, and Web Portals.
BBC established under a Royal Charter. It works funded by annually license fee of Television which is charged by all the households, Companies, and Organisations who received and record live television broadcast and iPlayer catch up.
BBC world service has been started in 1932 as BBC Empire service. It is the worlds largest international broadcaster which broadcasts radio, and television news, speech, & discussion in more than 40 languages.
BBC gets its revenue from BBC’s Commercial subsidiary BBC studio formally known as BBC worldwide. It sells its programm throughout the world and also distributes BBC World News services.
- Britains first live public broadcast was made from the factory of Marconi’s Wireless Telegraph Company in Chelmsford n June 1920. It was sponsored by daily mail’s Lord Northcliffe.
- BBC came into existence in January 1st January 1927 and Reith was its first Director-General.
- Its motto was “Nation Shall Speak Peace unto Nation”.
Television and Radio services of BBC 2000 to 2011:-
- BBC knowledge ( digital television channel) was replaced by BBC Four (free-to air t.v) launched in 2nd March 2002.
- CBBC was a British Children’s T.V Brand owned by the BBC whose priamary aimed was for aged group between 6 and 12. Programm called Children’s BBC split into CBBC and C Beebies(free-to air channel for young children) launched in 11th February 2002.
- New Radio stations were 1xtra, 6 Music, BBC7. 1Xtra was a sister station of Radio 1.
- BBC choice T.V channel was replaced by BBC Three.
- BBC News 24 became BBC news channel in 2008.
- BBC radio 7 became BBC Radio Extra in 2011.
- In 2008, BBC Alba was launched as a Scottish Gaelic Service.
- BBC HD was launched in 2006.
- BBC HD has been closed on 26th March 2013 and replaced with HD Simulcast of BBC Two.
- BBC Three service was discontinued and replaced by a digital outlet.
- BBC was under a Royal Charter. The current charter came into existence on 1st January 2017 and runs until 31st December 2026. The 2017 charter abolished the BBC trust replaced with Ofcom (Office of Communication), with governance by the BBC Board.
- BBC present chairman is David Clementi.
The BBC also operates a number of wholly-owned commercial divisions:
- BBC Studios Ltd, headed by Tim Davie, is the former in-house television production; Entertainment, Music & Events, Factual and Scripted (drama and comedy). Following a merger with BBC World Wide in April 2018, it also operates international channels and sells programs and merchandise in the UK and abroad to gain additional income that is returned to BBC programs. It is kept separate from the corporation due to its commercial nature.
- BBC World News department is in charge of the production and distribution of its commercial global television channel. It works closely with the BBC Newsgroup, but is not governed by it, and shares the corporation’s facilities and staff. It also works with BBC Studios, the channel’s distributor.
- BBC Studio Works is also separate and officially owns and operates some of the BBC’s studio facilities, such as the BBC Elstree Centre, leasing them out to productions from within and outside of the corporation.
Services of BBC:-
- Interactive T.V ( BBC Red Button)