Forms of Communication
- Intrapersonal Communication:- when a person communicates with his own mind and develops functional ideas is called Intrapersonal Communication. this type of communication is a result of Cognition and external influences on this thinking. This communication can be an individual reflection, Contemplation, and meditation. Conversation with Divine, Spirit, and Ancestors may be termed as transpersonal communication.
The Process of Intra-Personal Communication
2. Inter-Personal Communication (Dyadic Communication):- In this type of communication a person share his thoughts and ideas with another person. Both the person addressing each other in this communication that needs their much confidence to make their conversation effective and understandable. It is direct Face to Face Communication between two persons. It can be done in words and gestures. This communication is known as the perfect form of communication. it involves all the five senses. It involves common space and time. Interpersonal communication includes common space and time.
Buddhism talks about the Four Social Emotions of interpersonal communication mention below:- Metta ( Loving Kindness), Karuna (Compassion), Murdita (Sympathetic Joy), and Upekka ( Equanimity)
Interpersonal communication also includes Focused and Unfocused communication where the focus is about actual interaction between two person and unfocused interactions take place whenever we listen and observe people with whom we are not conversing.
Three Stages of Interpersonal Communication:-
- The Phatic Stage – This is the Initial exploratory stage of communication. the first stage is known as the Phatic stage (Greek Phase, Utterance). It begins with a Hi! Or a Hello!. It is a warming up time. This is a stage where one person patterned his/her communication according to social and cultural norms. Example– hello ! how are you? I am fine. Thanks for coming. Have a nice day.
- The Personal Stage – this is a second stage which introduces a more personal element into the conversation. Professional communication comes into this category. In this category of communication, we try to make ourselves more comfortable so that we can expose our feelings on some risk. Example– office meeting going to happen. People share their ideas and about their business or professional life during a meeting.
- The Intimate Stage – this stage is reserved for our friends and families. Interpersonal communication at its highest peak in this stage where all our social barriers break down. This is a period where we get out our innermost thoughts and feelings in front of our known or close one. Example– hang out with friends. Love or pamper someone. Breaking the barriers for the important person.
3. Group Communication – In this kind of communication information flows from one group to another. This form of communication can be observed in both Business and Non- Business settings. Such groups may be formal or informal. Here the group is not only associated with business or non- business groups. Acting can be associated with this. Theater, Mela, Ram Lila, The Kumbh Mela, Folk Events, etc. come under this kind of communication. these groups can be in the form of Gossip, Tea, Or another kind of groups. These are often termed as Micro Groups whose interest and area of thoughts could be same. They share their stories, thoughts, and ideas into a small group of the same interest.
4. Mass Communication – when a large group of people communicated through a medium (electronic, print, and social media) by a person or organization mass communication happens. This is an extended version of group communication. Books, Press, Cinema, Radio, Television, Video, Internet, are identified as mass communication media. Mass communication is a communication that takes place at a distance.
Daniel Lerner termed mass communication as a Mobility Multipliers and Wilbur Schramm Considered them to be Magic Multiplier.
5. Mass-Line Communication- the Mass- Line is a political, organizational, and leadership method developed by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) during the Chinese Revolution. The essential element of this communication is consulting the Masses. Mahatma Gandhi to employ this kind of communication. the essence of this communication was a personal example, respect for the peasant’s knowledge and non- manipulative information.