History of Radio

Short Notes on the History of Radio

radio

  • World war first induced the industrialization of Wireless Telegraphy. Hams (wireless telegraphy hobbyists) were used widely during the first world war. The first regular broadcasting in the world was started in Pittsburg (USA) in 1920. It was about election news, sporting events, and opera performance.
  • By middle 1923 the USA had 450 stations and all were clubbed together to form a national network, The Columbia Broadcasting (CBS). CBS is an American language commercial broadcast radio and television network. Its headquarter is in New York. Sometime CBS is also called an eye network due to companies iconic symbol.
  • National public radio (NPR), a public service radio was established in 1970. NPR is an American nonprofit membership media organization funded by publically and privately. It is based in Washington, DC.
  • The British government put the initiative to start the BBC in 1920 as an autonomous public service commission.
  • The united states government established the Voice of America in 1942. Its headquarters is in Washington, DC.
  • Radio introduced in India from Radio Club of Bombay :-
  • June 1923- Radio Club of Bombay
  • November 1923- Calcutta Radio Club
  • July 1924- Madras Presidency club
  • Indian Broadcasting has been started officially in 1927, 23rd July as Indian Broadcasting Company by Lord Irwin was the viceroy of India.
  • Calcutta station – 26th August 1927
  • The first license granted for the transmitting a broadcast was given only on February 23rd, 1922.
  • In 1927 Indian Broadcasting Company has been made.
  • Lionel Fielden was India’s first controller of broadcasting.
  • The government-run broadcasting set up was called the Indian state Broadcasting services (ISBS). ISBS was set up under the Department of Industrial and labor (1st April 1930).
  • All India Radio (AIR)- 8th June 1936
  • Akashwani- 1956
  • The first daily news bulletin was introduced in 1936, 19th
  • AIR was transferred to the department of information and Broadcasting in 1946. Till 1997 it acts under I&B.
  • Prasar Bharti Act of 1990
  • Congress Radio:
  • At the time of Quit India movement, a group of young congress freedom fighters Usha Mehta, Vithaldas Kakar, Chandrakant Jhaveri launched their shortlived radio on 3rd September 1942.
  • At the time of Independence, there were six stations at Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Lucknow, and Tiruchirapalli. Four stations were in the princely state of Mysore, Travancore, Hyderabad, and Aurangabad.
  • Vividh Bharti a commercial channel introduced in 2nd October 1957.
  • Yuvavani or voice of youth – 23rd July 1969.
  • In 1st April 1976, DD was delinked from AIR.
  • Fm service was started from Madras and Jalander, 23rd July 1977.
  • AIR’s main source of news 90 regular correspondent in India, seven abroad, 246 part-time, PTI, UNI, UNIVARTA, BASHA, ANI (Asia News International)
  • External service was started in 1939.
  • Worldspace is a Sattellite radio network. provided service to over 170,000 subscribers in eastern and southern Africa, the Middle East, and much of Asia with 96% coming from India.

 

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